Server Administration

Server Administration Part 1

Server Manager:

Server Manager makes server administration more efficient by allowing administrators to do the

   1. View and make changes to server roles and features installed on the server.
   2. Perform management tasks associated with the operational lifecycle of the server, such as starting or stopping services, and managing local user accounts.
   3. Perform management tasks associated with the operational lifecycle of roles installed on the server, including scanning certain roles for compliance with best practices.
   4. Determine server status, identify critical events, and analyze and troubleshoot configuration issues or failures.


Roles:

A server role is a set of software programs that are installed and properly configured to perform a specific function for multiple users or other computers within a network. Generally, roles share the following characteristics.

   1. They describe the primary function, purpose, or use of a computer. A specific computer can be dedicated to perform a single role that is heavily used in the enterprise, or may perform multiple roles if each role is only lightly used in the enterprise.
   2. They provide users throughout an organization access to resources managed by other computers, such as Web sites, printers, or files that are stored on different computers.
   3. They typically include their own databases that can queue user or computer requests, or record information about network users and computers that relates to the role. For example: Active Directory Domain Services includes a database for storing the names and hierarchical relationships of all computers in a network .
   4. As soon as they are properly installed and configured, roles function automatically. This allows the computers on which they are installed to perform prescribed tasks with limited user commands or supervision.



Roles Services:

Role services are software programs that provide the functionality of a role. When you install a role, you can choose which role services the role provides for other users and computers in your enterprise. Some roles, such as DNS Server, have only a single function, and therefore do not have available role services. Other roles, such as Remote Desktop Services, have several role services that can be installed, depending on the remote computing needs of your enterprise.

Features:

   1. Features are software programs that, although they are not directly parts of roles, can support or augment the functionality of one or more roles, or improve the functionality of the server, regardless of which roles are installed.
   2. For example, the Failover Clustering feature augments the functionality of other roles, such as File Services and DHCP Server, by allowing them to join server clusters for increased redundancy and improved performance.
   3. Another feature, Telnet Client, lets you communicate remotely with a telnet server over a network connection, a functionality that enhances the communication options of the server.


Add/Remove Roles or Features:

We can add/remove roles or features from the server using any of the following three options,

   1. Windows Interface
   2. PowerShell
   3. Command line

Disk Management:

Disk Management is a system utility for managing hard disks and the volumes or partitions that they contain. One can initialize disks, create volumes, and format volumes file systems. It enables you to perform most disk-related tasks.


Features of this tool:

Simpler partition creation-When you right-click a volume, you can choose whether to create a basic, spanned, or striped partition directly from the menu.

Disk conversion options-When you add more than four partitions to a basic disk, you are prompted to convert the disk to dynamic or to the GUID partition table (GPT) partition style.

Extend and shrink partitions-You can extend and shrink partitions directly from the Windows interface.

Volumes:

With Disk administrator tool one can create the following volumes

  1. New Spanned volume
  2. New Striped Volume
  3. New Mirrored Volume
  4. New Raid-5 Volume